Still a ‚ÄòSpanish Red‚Äô? The communist past and national identity in the writing of Jorge Sempr√∫n (Twentieth Century Communism 3, 2011)
Author: Stephen Hopkins
This article examines the political relationship between communism and national identity in the writing of Sempr√∫n, and through this seeks to understand further his complex position with regard to the communist past. As a Spanish Red, but one exiled in France from the age of 15, for whom patriotism and nationalistic fervour were both ideologically and practically suspect, Sempr√∫n is especially interested in the cultural and social diversity on display within the ostensibly internationalist communist movement. The article draws on his experiences in Buchenwald and reflects on the question of Sempr√∫n‚Äôs wider relationship to his exile in France. It focuses in particular on What A Beautiful Sunday!; Literature or Life; Autobiographie de Federico Sanchez, Federico Sanchez vous salue bien, La Deuxi√®me Mort de Ramon Mercader and the more recent Le Mort qu‚Äôil faut.